Information on Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Procedures of Gout Disease
Gout is one of the popular diseases affecting very many people from all parts of the globe. It’s caused by increased metabolism of uric acid which in turn results in high levels of the same in blood and some body tissues. Incapability of the patient’s body to excrete the excess uric acid aggregates the problem even further. Accumulation of uric acid in the body can lead to a number of health complications which include kidney stones, chronic or acute gouty arthritis, deposits of crystals in tissues, joints and skin.
It’s also important to point out that this disease may occur on its own (primary gout) or may be caused or associated with other medical complications. The later is referred to as secondary gout; a research recently carried out here in America shows that approximately 6 million people may be suffering from this condition either unknowingly or knowingly. Gouty arthritis is one of the common causes of pain, hot, swollen, red joints especially at the foot and hands. This condition is also closely linked to the preference of inflammatory arthritis in men above the age of 40 years.
Some patients also experience gout flares as a result of sleep apnea; this is a condition when breathing stops for several seconds during sleep. There are two schools of thought that explain why lack of oxygen causes the out flares. The first one indicates that cells begin to undergo disintegration which in turn results in production and accumulation of uric acid in blood. The second explanation states that lack of oxygen causes a significant reduction in blood ph making it more acidic. In response to the drop in Ph, the blood precipitates uric acid in form of monosodium urate crystals. These crystals in turn cause inflammation and severe pain in the joints.
Gout could be recognized as an early sign of Sleep Apnea which may result in serious complications such as heart attack, stroke, high blood pressure, atherosclerosis, diabetes, kidney disease, heart arrhythmias and many more. Hence it’s very important to treat this disease during its early stages so as to avoid some of the health complications that may arise as a result of delayed treatment.
Uric acid is usually produced by the body as we metabolize food. However, some people produce this acid in excess amounts resulting in accumulation of the acid in the body. Persons whose body is incapable of eliminating this excess uric acid are more susceptible to this disease. Genes – Various studies carried out show that 20% of the people who suffer from these health complications inherit it from their parent or close relatives. Excessive intake of alcohol and smoking can also be a factor. Some foods can also predispose one to this disease. Examples of foods that may result in the problem include red meat, oily fish, internal organs and yeast. Age – Medical practitioners have in the recent past proved that the levels of uric acid in the body tend to increase at puberty in most men and at menopause in women. In fact the numbers of women who experience gout before menopause are very few.
Dehydration, starvation, trauma, and some medications can contribute to gout.
Swollen Joints Red Joints Painful Joints
Take note of the fact that these symptoms may disappear after a few weeks during its initial stages if treatment is not received right away. However, the problem may relocate to other joints hence it’s very important that you seek medical attention as soon as you identify any of the symptoms mentioned above.
In order to amicably solve these health problem most medial practitioners uses certain drugs that help to cure and prevent the problem from recurring. Some of the drugs used include: Nonsteroidal Anti Inflammatory Drugs- These are administered in a bid to reduce the inflammation and relieve pain. Colchicine – These drugs are also very effective in relieving the joint pains. Corticostreroids – They are very effective in controlling inflammation and pain.
Never try to treat yourself using some of the drugs available in most medicine stores. Instead it’s very appropriate to seek medical attention from an accredited health care service provider so as to avoid health complications that may arise later. Prevention is better than cure; it’s wise to take precautionary measures such as reducing alcohol consumption and some diets such as red meat in a bid to protect yourself from this disease. Gout disease can be comprehensively treated and prevented from occurring again if the necessary measures are taken once the symptoms are identified.